In this article, we are going to learn some facts about Peru.
Peru, known as the land of the Inca and their architectural masterpiece of Machu Picchu is a land steeped in mysticism and unique traditions.
The culture of Peru is becoming increasingly popular throughout the world due in large part to its Ayahuasca ceremonies and Shamanism.
Not to mention the magnificent Incan and Nazca architectural feats, world-class cuisine, and vibrant festivals.
Interesting Facts About Peru
Peru is one of 17 mega-diverse countries in the world, with nearly 90 distinct microclimates throughout the country.
This unique diversity of climates is not home to thousands of different species of plants, birds, reptiles, and other mammals. You can even find some amazing beaches scattered around the country.
One interesting fact about Peru is that it’s rich in natural resources, including gold, copper, silver, natural gas, coal, and phosphate.
The Peruvian people are proud of their national identity, which is reflected in their many festivals throughout the year.
Here are some quick general facts about Peru:
- Lima is the capital city of Peru
- Peru has a population of 33 million people
- Peru has 3 official languages, Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara
- Peru’s official currency is the Nuevo Sol
With so many tourist attractions in Peru, the country attracts thousands of newcomers every year who wish to see all the beauty the country has to offer.
Facts About Peruvian People
The Peruvian people are a unique blend of Indigenous, Spanish, and African ethnicities.
Preceding the arrival of the Spanish in 1532, Peru was populated by nearly 50 + unique indigenous groups. Some of these groups included the Aymara, Inca, Achuar, and Shipibo.
An estimated 25% of Peru’s population identified themselves as being of Indigenous descent.
Many indigenous groups perished during the Spanish colonization due to disease and war, much of their cultural heritage has survived in the form of music, dance, art, and architecture.
Did you know?
- Peru’s Indigenous population is an integral part of their cultural heritage.
- Peruvian Shamanism has been practiced for 3,000 years.
- Peruvian shamanism traces its roots as far back as the Incan Empire
Shamans are holistic healers who are said to possess ancient sacred knowledge about the energies of Mother Earth and the Cosmos.
The spiritual practice of shamanism focuses on healing a person’s energy field through the aid of plants and various meditative practices.
Peruvian shamanism is an easily identifiable aspect of their cultural heritage.
Peru’s landscape is painted with architectural masterpieces of the Incas and colonial buildings.
Incan architecture is the most culturally significant architecture in Peru today. The Incan citadel of Machu Picchu is the most recognized feature of Incan architecture.
Throughout the colonial period, baroque and renaissance architectural styles were incorporated, while maintaining much of the original Incan architecture.
The city of Cusco retained its grid-like street pattern and open plazas designed by the Incas.
The mythical zeal of Peru’s architecture draws countless visitors to the country each year. The Indigenous Nazca culture of Peru created the famous Nazca lines.
The Nazca Lines are a series of geoglyphs carved into the ground. Located roughly 150 miles south of the Capital, these lines depict various plants, animals, and shapes.
The Nazca lines are over 2,000 years old and can only be fully viewed from the air or space.
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Having been studied by researchers for nearly 80 years, these lines still remain a mystery. The Nazca lines were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.
Agriculture in Peru
Peru is home to 90 distinct micro-climates, which contribute to its agricultural success.
Some of the agricultural commodities grown in Peru are potatoes, asparagus, maize, rice, corn, coffee, and sugarcane. Peru also provides half of the World’s supply of quinoa.
Due to Peru’s infrastructural challenges, synthetic fertilizers are used despite the abundance of natural fertilizer in the form of guano, which is bat and seabird excrements.
Did you know?
- Peru’s agriculture contributes nearly 11% to its GDP
- Peru’s unique climate contributes to its vast array of diverse produce
- Potatoes were first cultivated in Peru between 8,000 and 5,000 BC
Today Peru’s unique climate allows farmers to grow over 4,000 different species of potatoes. Common types of potatoes include Yellow, pink, white, the purple potato, and sweet potato.
There are over 55 variety of corn, which includes yellow, white, black, and purple corn.
25,000 different species of plants grow in Peru, of which 4,400 are actively used by the population.
Peruvian Food Facts
Peru’s cuisine garners International recognition and the nations agricultural practices have remained virtually unchanged in 2,000-years.
As a result, chefs from around the Globe fly to Peru to learn about Peruvian culinary secrets about growing and cooking their own ingredients.
One interesting fact about Peru is that it offers a wide variety of produce from the high altitudes regions of the desert to the lowlands of the Amazonian rainforest.
Peru’s culinary delights have been heavily influenced by European and immigrant cultures throughout the centuries.
Pisco Sour, Cuy, and Ceviche are National Peruvian dishes.
The Peruvian people are passionate about their culinary heritage.
Many of Peru’s traditional culinary dishes have been inspired by Spanish colonizers dating back to the 16th century as well as subsequent immigrant migrations.
The Cuy or Guinea Pigs are served crispy with head, legs, and eyes intact. Ceviche is fresh raw fish marinated in citrus juices, such as lemon or lime, spiced with aji, or chili peppers.
Many of Peru’s traditional dishes and drinks were created by non-Peruvians.
Festivals in Peru
Peruvian festivals held throughout the year celebrate their cultural heritage.
There are numerous celebrations throughout the year, some are major festivals, while others are more obscure.
The festivals of Fiesta de la Candelaria celebrates the Virgin of Candelaria, the patron saint of the town of Puno.
It’s the largest festival in Peru. The Festival Internacional de la Vendimia is an agricultural celebration where a queen is chosen to stomp the first grapes of the seasons’ harvest ceremoniously.
Peruvian festivals encompass religious, agricultural, and marital celebrations.
The Fiesta de las Cruces is the most important Peruvian celebration.
Celebrated during May, this festival is not limited to one specific town or village, it’s celebrated throughout Peru.
This festival has religious roots whose origins are said to have focused on searching for the cross upon which Jesus was crucified.
Traditionally, it’s not a Peruvian celebration; however, the Peruvian people incorporate their own cultural identity into the celebrations.
Similar to other celebrations, music, dance, and even bullfighting are incorporated into the festival.
Facts About Peru
Peruvian culture comprises a unique blending of traditional festivals, music, dance, cuisine, ancient architecture, and artistic expressions.
The Indigenous peoples of Peru have shown great resiliency through centuries of Spanish colonization. Not to mention the various waves of immigrants through the practice of shamanism.
Even today various Indigenous languages still are spoken throughout the country. Learn more about Latin American history and it’s fascinating people.
A vast majority of the Indigenous population in Peru still produces traditional Peruvian apparel for both every day uses and its unique celebratory festivals.
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